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About Indicators for Non-communicable Diseases

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Indicators for Non-communicable Diseases forms part of Norway’s efforts to counter non-communicable diseases.


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WHO’s Global Action Plan 

WHO’s Member States came to a consensus on a global action plan for the prevention of non-communicable diseases (NCD) between 2013 and 2020. The plan’s objective is to reduce premature mortality from non-communicable diseases (NCDs), meaning cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic respiratory disease, via measures in relation to the risk factors: tobacco use, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity and harmful use of alcohol (Table 1).  

WHO defines nine global targets to be achieved by 2025. The main target is a 25 per cent relative reduction in overall mortality from the four types of disease mentioned above. Then there are specific targets connected to mortality and morbidity, risk factors connected to behaviour, biology and national measures. Norway has accepted WHO’s targets, and this work is part of monitoring trends in Norway to ensure that we achieve those targets. * National NCD Strategy 2013-2017 (pdf) 

WHO specifies a total of 25 indicators. The time period for evaluation of target achievement is 2010-2025. 

 

 

Tobacco use

Physical inactivity

Harmful use
of alcohol

Unhealthy diet

Cancer (certain types)

x

x

x

x

Cardiovascular disease

x

x

x

x

Chronic respiratory disease

x

 

 

 

Diabetes (Type 2)

x

x

 

x

Table 1. Non-communicable diseases, which constitute major health issues in Norway, related to the four risk factors in the Global Action Plan. x=causal risk factor. 

National NCD indicator group

In 2016, the Norwegian Institute of Public Health was commissioned by the Ministry of Health and Care Services to collaborate with the Norwegian Directorate of Health on developing indicators for NCDs in connection with reporting on the global and national NCD strategy.

In response, the Norwegian Institute of Public Health established a National NCD Indicator Group that also forms the editorial team for this web publication. The group comprises representatives from: the Norwegian Directorate of Health, the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)/the Health Survey in Nord Trøndelag (HUNT), The University of Tromsø (UiT) - The Arctic University of Norway/The Tromsø Study, the University of Bergen (UiB), Haukeland University Hospital, the Norwegian School of Sport Sciences and the Norwegian Institute of Public Health. 

The group has identified data sources for the NCD indicators provided by WHO, as well as other relevant indicators for Norway and has quality assured and coordinated the data sources that cover each individual indicator. This work is summarised in the report Development of Indicators for NCDs in connection with Reporting on the Global and National NCD Strategy

The group obtains individually summarised statistics for different indicators from registries and health surveys and in so doing contributes to enabling the Ministry of Health and Care Services to report on the different indicators both nationally and internationally.