The Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services was commissioned by the Health Directorate to conduct a systematic literature search with subsequent sorting of possible relevant publications. The aim was to identify systematic reviews on the effect of interventions designed to improve pharmaceutical services.
We developed a search strategy for a systematic literature search. The search was carried out in seven international literature databases in April 2014. Two researchers independently screened the identified publications / references and assessed their relevance relative to the inclusion criteria.
We identified a total of 3759 references, of which there were 74 relevant publications.
We sorted the publications into categories, based on intervention. We identified one review which addressed interventions given to pharmacists. The remaining reviews addressed intervention provided by pharmacists to improve pharmaceutical services.
There were six categories of interventions used to improve pharmaceutical services:
- Interventions given to pharmacists (1 review)
- Medication review by pharmacists (3 reviews)
- Pharmacists in healthcare teams (2 reviews)
- Other interventions provided by pharmacists (18 reviews)
- All types of interventions provided by pharmacists for specific diseases (30 reviews)
- Interventions that may involve pharmacists as providers (20 reviews)