Infection control advice for travel and entry quarantine for COVID-19
Quarantine upon arrival in Norway from abroad
Anyone arriving in Norway from abroad shall be in home quarantine for 10 days, with the exception of specified countries in Europe with sufficiently low transmission (see the map and table below).
The areas that are exempt from quarantine duty may change rapidly and the overview will be updated every 14 days, at least.
Areas with sufficiently low transmission
The Government has decided that from 15th June 2020, there would be exemptions from quarantine duty for travel in the Nordic countries. From 15th July, exemption would also be given upon arrival in Norway from areas in EU/EEA/Schengen with sufficiently low transmission. These areas are marked in green in the map below and will be updated every 14 days.
For healthcare personnel who have worked in the healthcare service in these areas and who shall work in the healthcare service in Norway, the organisation should map possible exposure to SARS-CoV-2 and consider measures to reduce the risk of infection.
If you arrive in Norway from a "green" area, you are exempt from quarantine. If you arrive in Norway from a "red" area, you need to be in quarantine.
Tables with regions in the Nordic countries and countries in EU/EEA/Schengen with status for entry quarantine
In "green areas1" the infection burden is considered to be so low that it is allowed to enter Norway without quarantine duty upon arrival. In "red areas2" the infection burden is higher and if you come from one of these areas you must go into quarantine.
|Varsinais-Suomi Hospital District, Southwest Finland1|
|Satakunta Hospital District, Satakunta1|
|Kanta-Häme Hospital District, Kanta-Häme1|
|Pirkanmaa Hospital District, Pirkanmaa1|
|Päijät-Häme Hospital District, Päijät-Häme1|
|Kymenlaakso Hospital District, Kymenlaakso1|
|South Karelia Hospital District, South Karelia1|
|Etelä-Savo Hospital District, South Savo1|
|Itä-Savo Hospital District, South/North Savo1|
|North Karelia Hospital District, North Karelia1|
|Pohjois-Savo Hospital District, North Savo1|
|Central Finland Hospital District, Central Finland1|
|South Ostrobothnia Hospital District, South Ostrobothnia1|
|Vaasa Hospital District, Ostrobothnia1|
|Central Ostrobothnia Hospital District, Central Ostrobothnia1|
|North Ostrobothnia Hospital District, North Ostrobothnia1|
|Kainuu Hospital District, Kainuu1|
|Länsi-Pohja Hospital District, Lappi1|
|Lappi Hospital District, Lappi1|
|Helsinki and Uusimaa Hospital District, Uusimaa1|
In "green areas" the infection burden is considered to be so low that it is allowed to enter Norway without quarantine duty upon arrival. In "red areas" the infection burden is higher and if you come from one of these areas you must go into quarantine.
|Countries in EU/EEA/Schengen and status for quarantine on arrival in Norway|
Criteria for evaluating which areas have sufficiently low incidence in EU/EEA/Schengen area
The requirements for entry quarantine do not apply for travellers who are resident in countries in the EU/EEA/Schengen area with fewer than 20 confirmed cases per 100 000 inhabitants during the last two weeks (evaluated on a national level), and fewer than 5 per cent positive tests on average per week over the last two weeks.
In addition there is a comprehensive assessment of the countries, based on trends in infection rate and other relevant information.
Assessments are made on a regional level when it is possible for health authorities to make assessments based on evaluations of the infection burden in each region. Currently, this only applies for the Nordic countries.
Exemption from quarantine duty for work travel
For workers from Sweden and other countries in the EU/EEA/Schengen without sufficiently low transmission, exemptions from the quarantine requirements can be made. This article explains who this applies for and how follow-up and testing should be performed.
Advice before you travel abroad
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs advises against travel abroad, with the exception of travel to countries and regions where the risk of infection is sufficiently low.
- Changes in the travel advice from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs from 15 July(Government.no)
- Areas with sufficiently low transmission
Many countries have introduced measures and restrictions to prevent transmission, e.g. transport restrictions, quarantine or other measures that can have consequences for travellers. Travellers should be prepared to answer questions about their health and may be denied entry or be placed in quarantine.
The transmission situation in Europe can change rapidly, and before travelling abroad, take into account that there may be local outbreaks of COVID-19, or outbreaks may arise while you are away. Check the advice from the local authorities at your destination and what is covered by travel insurance, including what applies if you become ill while travelling.
Before travelling, check the travel advice and entry rules for each country on the Ministry of Foreign Affairs' website:
- Travel advice and entry rules by country (regjeringen.no)
You should also check the quarantine rules that apply when you return to Norway. Check which travel rules apply for tourists to and from countries within the EU and Schengen-region. The website of the European Centre for Disease Control is also useful.
Consider the following before travel:
- Risk of being infected while travelling (destination, duration, contact with other people)
- Risk of travel restrictions, curfews, quarantine or other measures in the country you are travelling to
- Risk of capacity problems in the healthcare service at the destination if you become sick
- Risk of lack of possibilities for return travel or medical repatriation
- Risk of home quarantine in Norway on your return.
- Risk of not being able to work during the first 10 days after travel (applies to healthcare personnel in particular, but other employees may also have rules about this).
Follow the general travel advice for vaccines for other infectious diseases and other preventative measures.
Advice for risk groups and their relatives
The article on risk groups gives infection control advice for people in risk groups and explains who is at increased risk.
When there is little transmission in society, people with a slightly increased risk can travel. However, they should be extra careful to follow the general advice on infection control. For people with a higher risk, an individual assessment on whether or not to travel should be made, and with whom you can travel.
If there is increased transmission at the destination, people at slightly increased risk should also consider whether or not to travel, while those at a higher risk of a more severe disease progression are discouraged from any travel under such situations.
Conditions to consider:
- Risk of being infected while travelling (destination, duration, contact with other people).
- Risk of capacity problems in the healthcare service at the destination if you become sick.
- Risk of lack of possibilities for return travel or medical repatriation.
- Proximity to those you are travelling with, who you are not normally in close contact with, the number of people you are travelling with and whether it will be possible to have separate bedrooms and toilets during the journey.
- Is it easy to return home if someone should become ill?
- Access to healthcare services during the journey
In many cases, people in risk groups will be able to plan for trips with their children, grandchildren or others they are close to but who they do not usually in contact with, in a way where the risk of transmission can be reduced.
Travel and holidays in Norway
Public transport in Norway
When travelling by public transport, many people are gathered and it can be difficult to keep sufficient distance to others. It is therefore recommended to limit the use of public transport. Remember that people who are in home quarantine after having been in close contact with someone who is infected should not travel by public transport.
Swimming, beach life and outdoor activities in Norway
There is no risk of COVID-19 transmission via the water when bathing in fresh or sea water. However, it is important to have good hand hygiene and to keep a distance to anyone who is not in your closest contact circle. Try to find beaches or swimming areas with fewer people.
For outdoors activities such as camping, hiking, biking, horseback riding etc., the general advice for infection control applies.
Camping, farm holidays and other types of adventure holidays within Norway can be carried out as long as you follow the general measures for infection control.
Infection control advice for travel
The general infection control advice is;
- People who are sick should stay at home.
- Good hygiene.
- Limit contact between people, keep at least 1 metre distance to those you do not live with or your closest circle of contacts.
The key measure for infection control is that people who are sick should stay at home. Cough etiquette and social distancing are crucial in order to limit droplet transmission. Reduced contact between people, by keeping distance and avoiding larger crowds, reduces the risk of transmission, also before the onset of symptoms. Hand hygiene, in particular avoiding touching your face with unclean hands, is important to avoid indirect contact transmission. Follow the same advice when travelling as you do at home, as far as possible.
Travel where you are mostly with your own family members, or others who you would already have been in contact with at home, poses less risk of transmission. Consider what you would do if you become sick and need to be isolated or go into quarantine. Remember travel insurance and check in advance whether it applies for where you will travel.
It is good advice to plan trips to avoid transmission between places, e.g., by limiting travel that involves close contact with many people, perhaps at several locations.
Students and other people who are staying in areas with widespread transmission over a longer period should follow the advice from the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, local health authorities and educational institutions/employers.
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SARS-CoV-2 is the name of the virus that is causing the outbreak of COVID-19 disease.
The virus is related to another coronavirus that caused the SARS outbreak in 2002/2003 but is not the same virus.