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Closer analyses of drug consumption in relation to the corona pandemic have not been performed, but in those cases we believe data should be seen in this context, it is pointed out in the report.
Norwegian Drug Wholesales Statistics
- In 2020, drugs for human use were sold for a total of NOK 21.1 thousand million (pharmacy purchase price (AIP)), an increase of 7.3 % from the previous year (Table 3.1). Over time, there has been a steady increase in sales measured in defined daily doses (DDD). In 2020, the number of DDDs was 2.7 % higher than the previous year. Over time, the increase in cost has been higher than the increase in volume, measured in DDD. The sale includes medicines with and without Marketing Authorization in Norway. Non-prescription drugs accounted for around 9 % of total sales measured in DDD. The sales of veterinary medicines were NOK 1.5 thousand million.
- Figure 3.1 shows the development in total sales of drugs for human use in the period 2000 to 2020 in NOK (AIP) and DDD. Increased prices as well as introduction of new and more expensive drugs have affected cost increases. Costs will also be affected by exchange rates. Population growth and an increased proportion of older people contribute to increased drug consumption.
- Antineoplastic and immunomodulatory agents (ATC group L), had the highest turnover in NOK and accounted for 25 % of costs for human medicines in 2020 (Table 3.1). The group includes expensive drugs for the treatment of cancer as well as biological drugs for the treatment of, for example, arthritis and multiple sclerosis.
Norwegian Prescription Database (NorPD)
- Since the Norwegian Prescription Database was established in 2004, almost 6 million people have been included. The number of drugs dispensed according to prescription during this period is just below 734 million.
- Almost 98 % of the medicines in the NorPD (measured in DDD) were dispensed to individuals in 2020. Of the Norwegian population, 70% were dispensed at least one drug in 2020, 77 % of the women and 63 % of the men (Table 3.4.1). The proportion (prevalence) was lowest in the age group 5–9 years for both genders and increases with age. In people over the age of 70, around 90 % of the individuals were given a prescription drug (figure 3.4.1).
- The two drug groups most commonly used by both genders are agents acting on the nervous system (ATC group N) and agents acting on the respiratory system (ATC group R). In 2019 antiinfectives for systemic use (ATC group J) was number three on the list, but is number four in 2020. This is probably a consequence of fewer infections due to control measures during the corona pandemic. Table 3.4.2 shows prevalence for each of the 14 ATC main groups; total and among women and men.
The main tables in Part 4 contain data from both data sources. Data from NorPD include medicines on prescription to individuals indicated as number and proportion of users. The Norwegian Drug Wholesales Statistics also includes sales to hospitals, other health institutions and non-pharmacy outlets, mainly listed as DDD/1000 inhabitants/day. Not all medicines have an assigned DDD, here only data from NorPD is included with number and proportion of users.