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The Division of Health Services in the Norwegian Institute of Public Health was commissioned by the Norwegian Directorate for Children, Youth and Family Affairs to conduct a systematic literature search with categorization of empirical research about the use of secure institutions for children and youth with serious behavioral issues.
We conducted a systematic review (of the format ‘systematic literature search with categorization’). In September 2020, we searched in major databases for empirical research published 2015-2020. One of four reviewers screened all retrieved records and considered relevance relative to the inclusion criteria. The main inclusion criterion was that the publication regarded the use of secure institutions for children and youth with behavioral issues.
We included 128 studies:
- 6 literature reviews
- 27 studies of effect
- 97 studies of children and youth’s experiences with secure institutions (2 studies concerned both effect of and experiences with secure institutions)
The absolute majority of studies examined the effect of or youth’s experiences with secure institutions in general. Only about 30 studies examined a particular treatment or approach within secure institutions.
In this systematic literature search with categorization we have neither read the studies in full text nor critically evaluated the studies. We have only categorized the references by type, based on the abstracts.