Fredrik Swift graduated from the University of Poitiers with a Matrîse in biology in 2000. After obtaining a cand. scient. degree in Physiology at the University of Oslo in 2002, he started as a PhD student at Oslo University Hospital.
In 2007, Swift defended his PhD theses entitled "Restricted diffusion of ions regulates cardiac function". This work contributed to a better understanding of how the contractility of the heart is regulated by sodium. Swift pursued this work in two postdoctoral positions at the University of Oslo and the University of Bern, Switzerland.
In 2013, Swift was engaged as the Executive Assistent of the Director-General of the Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Camilla Stoltenberg.
Since September 2017, Fredrik Swift is the Head of Administration of the Centre for Fertility of Health at the Norwegian Institute of Public Health, a Centre of Excellence granted by The Research Council of Norway.