The Norwegian Directorate for Children, Youth and Family Affairs commissioned the Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services to conduct a systematic literature search and mapping of studies on the effect of interventions to recruit and retain foster parents.
We designed a research strategy for a systematic literature search. The research librarian searched for all kinds of empirical studies in medical databases and databases of the social sciences. The literature search was conducted in July 2014.
- We identified 4 600 references. In addition, we screened the first hits in Google/Google scholar. Among these we identified 35 as possibly relevant.
- We categorized the included references into 1) interventions to recruit and retain foster parents, 2) interventions to recruit foster parents, and 3) interventions to retain foster parents.
- We identified 2 potentially relevant references on interventions to recruit and retain foster parents, 10 potentially relevant references on recruitment of foster parents and 21 potentially relevant references on retaining foster parents.
- We have found one systematic review dealing with screening instruments to be used in the process of recruiting foster parents. The systematic review included and analysed five standardized screening instruments.
- For interventions to recruit foster parents the findings of our systematic search indicate that there are not sufficient primary studies of adequate methodological quality to conduct a systematic review.
- One possibility to follow up our report is to conduct a systematic review of primary studies dealing with the second question on interventions to retain foster parents over time.