Countries with high tuberculosis incidence
List of countries with a high incidence of tuberculosis. People from these countries are required to undergo tests for tuberculosis.
People from countries with a high incidence of tuberculosis are obliged to undergo tuberculosis testing if they intend to stay more than three months in Norway. Their children will be offered BCG vaccination. The Norwegian Institute of Public Health maintains the list over which countries are considered to be high incidence countries.
Alphabetical list of countries with high and very high incidence
The table gives an alphabetical overview of countries with high and very high incidence. The countries with particularly high incidence are marked in bold.
Central African Republic
Northern Mariana Islands
Papua New Guinea
Sao Tome and Principe
Changes to the list from 16.11.2023
- The following countries go from particularly high to high incidence: Eritrea
What does "high" and "very high" incidence mean?
According to the Norwegian regulations for tuberculosis control, the Norwegian Institute of Public Health must state which countries have a high incidence of tuberculosis.
From 1 March 2017, a distinction between "high" and "very high" tuberculosis incidence was introduced. As a general rule, countries which according to estimates from the World Health Organization (WHO) have a tuberculosis incidence of 40 per 100,000 inhabitants or more are considered to be high-incidence countries, while an incidence of over 200 tuberculosis cases per 100,000 inhabitants is considered a "very high" incidence. In addition, an assessment is made of incidence figures in Norway and the occurrence of resistance. The COVID-19 pandemic has led to a backlog of diagnostics and rising tuberculosis numbers in several regions. We have therefore been conservative in removing countries from the particularly high category, and in removing countries from the list, if the estimates are just below the limits of 200 and 40 cases per 100,000. The list is updated regularly.
Obligatory tuberculosis testing
These people are required to undergo tuberculosis testing:
- People arriving from countries with high incidence if they intend to stay for more than three months in Norway. Children will be offered BCG vaccination.
- All refugees and asylum seekers, even if they come from countries that are not on the list of high incidence countries.