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  • Quarantine and isolation

Quarantine and isolation

Published Updated

Here you will find information about who should be in quarantine or isolation and how it should be carried out.

2021.05.03 Karantenhus EN.JPG

Here you will find information about who should be in quarantine or isolation and how it should be carried out.


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National and local infection control measures

The Government is continuing with the third step of the plan for a gradual reopening of society from 20 June 2021 at 12 p.m.

Municipalities can introduce stricter measures locally according to the infection situation. Check your municipality's website for information on local measures.

Advice to everyone in the population

  • Remember good hand hygiene and cough etiquette.  
  • Keep at least 1 metre away from anyone other than those you live with. Avoid physical contact, including handshakes and hugging. If you are protected, you can have close contact with others in private homes, but still keep your distance from the unprotected in risk groups. See further description in the chapter:
    After you have been vaccinated or have had COVID-19
  • If you develop symptoms of a respiratory infection, you must stay at home and you should take a test.
  • When you suspect that you have COVID-19 disease

How much social distance?

The figure summarises the advice concerning the various forms of social distancing (updated 03.05.2021). 

2021.05.03 Karantenhus EN.JPG

Advice for people in quarantine

2020-12-18 Piktogram karantene og isolasjon2.png

People who are in quarantine are basically well but have been in a situation where they may have been infected. This applies to close contacts of people with confirmed COVID-19 (infection quarantine) or because you have visited an area with a high infection rate during the last 10 days (entry quarantine). If you are fully vaccinated (see link to description below) or have had COVID-19 during the last 6 months, you no longer need to be in infection quarantine or entry quarantine. If you have received one dose (between three and 15 weeks since you received the dose) you are also exempt from infection quarantine if they are tested between days 3 and 7 after close contact with an infected person. You do not need to be in quarantine until the test result is available.

Infection and entry quarantine last for 10 days, but may be shortened if you take a PCR test with a negative result no earlier than the 7th day after arrival or 7 days after your most recent exposure with a confirmed case of COVID-19, according to Section 4(c) of the COVID-19 Regulations

Those who are protected against COVID-19 (3-15 weeks after the first vaccine dose), and children under the age of 18 can end entry quarantine if they test negative with a PCR test taken no earlier than three days after arrival. 

If you are in infection quarantine, it is recommended that you are tested both at the start and before the end of your quarantine period, even if you do not have any symptoms. This assumes there is sufficient local testing capacity where you are staying. If you not get a negative test result from a PCR test taken on the 7th day after arrival, or 3 or 7 days after your most recent exposure with a confirmed case of COVID-19, you must be in entry quarantine for 10 days.

There will be a requirement for a test on the 7th day after arrival for all travellers who are in infection quarantine. Municipalities should arrange for testing on the 7th day after arrival for those staying in quarantine hotels.

If you do not have a permanent residence, or a suitable place for quarantine, the municipality you are staying in can help you find such a place. This may apply to people without legal residence in the country / undocumented migrants. 

See the description of what it means to be protected and fully vaccinated:

When you are in quarantine, the following applies: 

  • For entry quarantine: You must go into quarantine for 10 days after arriving in Norway. The quarantine period may be shortened if you have a PCR test with a negative result no earlier than 7 days after arrival. Those who are protected against COVID-19 (3-15 weeks after the first vaccine dose), and children under the age of 18 years can come out of entry quarantine if they test negative with a PCR test taken no earlier than three days after arrival. Currently, the only secure and verifiable way to display status as protected is to display a certificate (Norwegian, Swedish, Danish or EU COVID-19 certificate) with a QR code than can be verified by Norwegian authorities (the Swedish COVID-19 certificate is not yet ready for this use).
  • For infection quarantine: You must go into quarantine for 10 days after your most recent contact with the person who is infected. If you are staying with someone who receives a positive test result during the quarantine period, you must start a new quarantine period from the last time you had contact. The quarantine period may be shortened if you have a PCR test with a negative result no earlier than 7 days after your most recent contact with the infected person.
  • Anyone who is in infection quarantine should be tested, see Test criteria
  • You can be in normal contact with younger children you live with, but maintain a distance (more than 1 metre) from older children and other adults.
  • If older children in the household are in quarantine, where possible it is recommended to avoid close, or physical contact with other household members. This also applies to contact between other household members in quarantine. For children and people in need of healthcare, however, the need for care must be given the highest priority.
  • Do not go to work, school, childcare centre or other activities outside the home. 
  • Do not take long trips in Norway. 
  • Do not use public transport. 
  • Avoid places where it is difficult to maintain a distance from other people. 
  • As a rule, you should not visit public places like shops. If there is no alternative, you may go out to carry out essential errands to the supermarket or pharmacy, but ensure that you maintain a distance (at least 1 metre) from other people, wear a face mask and avoid queues. 
  • You can go for a walk, but maintain a distance of 2 metres from others. 

Be alert for any symptoms. If you develop an acute respiratory tract infection with fever, cough, shortness of breath or loss of sense of taste or smell while in quarantine, you will be considered to have probable COVID-19 disease. You should be tested as soon as possible and go into isolation at home until your test result is available. If you have other household members, it is recommended that they go into quarantine until your test result is available. If you test positive for COVID-19 during your quarantine period, you must continue your home isolation, and the contact tracing team in your district or municipality will carry out full contact tracing. With a negative test result, you must continue your quarantine as planned, but quarantine will end for other household members. 

Unsure whether you should go into quarantine? Take the quarantine check (helsedirektoratet.no)

Suitable locations for quarantine

  • The most important requirement for accommodation to be considered suitable for spending quarantine is that you must be able to maintain a safe distance from other adults throughout the entire quarantine period.
  • For those with a permanent residence in Norway, it is normal to spend quarantine at home.  If you live withe others but do not have much space, you can get help to find a suitable place. 
  • Halls of residence/shared housing can be suitable accommodation if it is possible to keep a distance to other adults and older children. You should use communal areas as little as possible. The Municipal Medical Officer, or the person who contacts you on his or her behalf, can assess the suitability of accommodation for quarantine and arrange an alternative if necessary.
  • Student housing made available by the Student Association is probably not suitable as quarantine accommodation. Student housing belonging to Student Associations must be assessed under the exception in Section 5 fourth paragraph (a), which stipulates requirements for private rooms with their own toilet and kitchen, in order for the student to be able to complete their quarantine in student housing.
  • Overnight accommodation where you need to interact with other guests is not suitable for quarantine use. Staying in a motorhome, caravan, tent or cabin on campsite without a private bathroom/toilet and kitchen facilities is not acceptable for quarantine if you have to share these facilities with people other than your close contacts/travel companions. The same applies to staying at addresses where you have to share rooms/facilities with people other than those you normally live with, such as halls of residence and other accommodation with a shared bathroom or kitchen. 
  • Barracks may be suitable as accommodation, provided that you have a private room with your own bathroom/toilet/kitchen, or you have organised food delivery. See below regarding the organisation of adapted accommodation for quarantine use where many people live together.  

About quarantine hotels and exemptions 

The general rule is that people arriving in Norway from from countries outside the EEA / Schengen and from regions / countries in the EEA / Schengen area (including the UK) with high infection pressure must stay at a quarantine hotel for all or part of the quarantine period. This also applies to residents in Norway. However, there are some exceptions, see Section 5 of the COVID-19 Regulation.

Those who can document that they are protected against COVID-19, or minors who have travelled alone or together with a person who is protected against COVID-19, do not have to be in a quarantine hotel, but can carry out the quarantine at home or at another suitable location.

Read more about the rules and exemptions: 

Quarantine hotels must provide play facilities and activities for resident children.

People who come to Norway to perform work or assignments and who can document that the employer makes a pre-approved place of residence available are not obliged to stay in quarantine hotels. 

Conditions for approval from the Norwegian Labour Inspection Authority include:

  • Possible to avoid close contact with others
  • Single occupancy room
  • TV and internet in the room
  • Own bathroom
  • Own kitchen or food service

It is also possible to get an exemption from the requirement to stay in quarantine hotels for those who have arranged contact with their own children or after application to the Norwegian Directorate of Immigration for those who can document strong welfare considerations, or other compelling reasons. This applies to both Norwegians and foreigners.

See also:

Infection control advice for places of quarantine where many live together

Here are some points to consider when arranging accommodation where many people are to spend their quarantine period, e.g. quarantine hotels. Legal and financial conditions concerning such stays are provided by the Norwegian Directorate of Health.

Risk assessment

Anyone who is responsible for accommodation for people in quarantine should carry out a risk assessment of the facilities and adapt the conditions to ensure adequate infection control. The risk assessment of the accommodation must cover the following:    

  • Which areas are suitable for those who are to be quarantined.  
  • How current infection control measures will be observed (social distance requirements, hand hygiene/cough etiquette, ventilation in the room, food serving, handling of laundry and waste).  
  • Plan for the wearing of face masks for people in quarantine and protective equipment.  
  • Action plan if quarantined people or employees become ill with COVID-19.   

The manager/employer at the accommodation must ensure that their employees are aware of the organisation and responsibilities associated with those who are in quarantine.    

The Municipal Medical Officer has medical responsibility for those who are to be quarantined in their municipality.   

In collaboration with the person responsible for the accommodation, the Municipal Medical Officer must establish routines that protect employees against infection.

Social distancing requirements

Assess the need for the marking of corridors and communal areas and whether there is a need to put up notices concerning social distancing requirements.

Hand hygiene

Hand hygiene facilities must be available where people in quarantine spend time and in other communal areas where appropriate.    

Written information should be prepared concerning when and how hand hygiene should be practised by both people in quarantine and staff.

Protective equipment for employees

There is no routine need for the use of protective equipment.    

However, the manager/employer should carry out a risk assessment of the need to use protective equipment (face masks, gloves, overalls, visors) and establish routines for their use. Employees must have received training on how to use protective equipment and in which situations it is required.    

Systems must also be established for the purchase and suitable storage of protective equipment.

Food service

People in quarantine must eat in their room and must not use communal dining rooms or buffet service. Food should be served in the room by placing the serving tray on a table outside the room. Employees should knock and then move away from the door area.

In the room, written information must be provided indicating that used serving trays should be placed outside the door after use. Employees must transport the serving trays to the areas where they are will be cleaned

Laundry

Existing routines for handling used linen, etc. should be reviewed, both with regard to internal routines and in connection with agreements with external laundry services.    

People in quarantine should change their bed linen and put dirty linen, etc. in the collection bag which must be provided in the room. In the room, written information must be available stating which linen, etc. the person in quarantine can place in the bag (e.g. that personal clothing cannot be placed in the bag) and that full bags must be tied up and placed outside the door.     

Employees must transport the bags to the laundry or other storage area, separated from other objects until washing.

Waste management

Existing waste routines should be reviewed to ensure adequate infection control.    

People in quarantine should place rubbish in a refuse bag which must be provided in the room. In the room, written information must be provided stating that full refuse bags must be tied up and placed outside the door.    

Employees must transport the bags to the appropriate waste containers.

Cleaning / disinfection of the room

Quarantined people should clean their own room using disposable cloths.    

For the accommodation, it is sufficient to clean the room at the end of the quarantine period. Follow existing cleaning routines, in addition to enhanced cleaning of surfaces that are frequently touched. 

People in quarantine

People in quarantine must be given information about infection control measures, including:    

  • The need to keep your distance.  
  • Hand hygiene and cough etiquette.  
  • Regularly ventilate the room if possible.   
  • Wear a face mask if the employee must enter the room or when moving.  
  • What to do if they become ill.   

Healthcare personnel from the municipality should preferably follow up those who are in quarantine.   

It is not recommended that employees enter the rooms of anyone who is in quarantine. If employees must enter the room, the person in quarantine must ventilate the room first, put on a face mask and keep their distance.    

Employees must consider whether there is a need to use protective equipment if distance cannot be maintained.    

The person who is in quarantine should not mix with other people. Visits should be postponed until the infection status has been clarified. Information on how people in quarantine should behave can be found under Advice for people in quarantine.  

Routines if someone in quarantine or an employee becomes ill

Via the manager/employer at the accommodation, the Municipal Medical Officer must establish routines which explain how both the person who is in quarantine and employees at the accommodation are to respond if the person develops COVID-19 symptoms.

Advice if you are in quarantine and need to use public transport

If you are in quarantine, you should normally avoid using public transport, and must never use it if you have COVID-19 symptoms.  

If you have been placed in entry quarantine, you may still use public transport to reach your quarantine accommodation within or outside Norway. If you are going to stay in a quarantine hotel, you cannot use public transport from the place of arrival to the quarantine hotel.

If you are in infection quarantine, you can only make such a journey following a specific assessment by the Municipal Medical Officer. The Municipal Medical Officer will consider the degree of exposure and any test results when making their assessment. Household members without a negative test result will not normally be given permission. 

For these journeys, the following apply: 

  • Take the quickest route. 
  • Face masks must be worn during the entire journey in these cases, except for children under 12 years. Wear the recommended type of face mask and follow the advice concerning correct use.
  • Be particularly careful about maintaining good hand hygiene and cough etiquette. 
  • Try to avoid departures where it is not possible to keep at least one metre distance. Use pre-booked/registered seats where possible.
  • If you must stay overnight on the way, use pre-booked accommodation in accordance with the requirements and recommendations applying to quarantine.

Exemption from quarantine duty

Exemption from the quarantine obligation can be granted under certain circumstances. Read more here: 

There are specific recommendations for the follow-up and testing of people who are granted exemption from the quarantine obligation

You have COVID-19 and are in home isolation

Billedlig fremstilling av isolasjon
Illustrasjon: Folkehelseinstituttet

People with probable or confirmed COVID-19 must go into isolation at home, at a healthcare institution or elsewhere. Home isolation applies to people with probable or confirmed COVID-19 but who do not need to be admitted to hospital.

If you do not have a permanent place to live, or the place you live in is not suitable for isolation, the municipality you are staying in will help you find such a place. This also applies to persons without legal residence in the country / undocumented migrants. This is free and you will be given food and drink. You are not allowed to go outside or have visitors when you are in isolation. More information about health care for people without legal residence in the country, see Helsenorge.no: Healthcare for people without legal residence

The following applies for people in isolation:

  • Wherever possible, you must maintain a safe distance from others. For children and people who need medical help, the need for care should be given the highest priority.
  • If possible, use a separate room and bathroom. Use your own towels and toiletries.
  • You should have food delivered to your room or be alone in the kitchen.
  • If you live with other people, you should go into isolation in your room and maintain the full social distance from those you live with. Do not leave your home, although you can go into your own garden or onto your own balcony, while maintaining a distance from others.
  • Get help from others to perform essential errands.
  • You and members of your household cannot have visitors.
  • If you have to be nearer to other household members than 2 metres, it is recommended that you wear a face mask if your health permits it. Alternatively, household members should wear a face mask when they are closer than 2 metres to the person who is ill. It is not recommended that children under 12-13 years of age wear a face mask. Children under 2 years of age should not wear a face mask under any circumstances.
  • Ask your doctor how you should monitor your health.
  • Ring the healthcare service if you need medical attention because your condition has deteriorated (for example, you experience breathing difficulties) or for other reasons. Explain that you have COVID-19 when you call. They will then be able to implement measures to prevent other people from becoming infected. Do not use public transport.
  • Clean your home frequently, especially surfaces such as bathroom sinks, toilets, door handles and kitchen worktops. Ordinary cleaning products may be used. Place used linen, etc. and bedding directly in the washing machine and wash at a minimum of 60⁰C. See also: Cleaning during and after home isolation.
  • The people you live with must go into quarantine.
  • The people you live with must be careful about hand hygiene. It is especially important that the people you live with wash or disinfect their hands when they leave the room you (the person self-isolating) are in, and after coming into contact with you or equipment you have used, and before leaving the house.
  • Download the poster "Isolation".

More:

History

01.07.2021: Updated text in accordance with a change in the COVID-19 regulations that the waiting quarantine scheme will be removed from 1 July.

24.06.2021: Change made to refer to EU COVID-19 certificate

23.06.2021: Added that the Swedish COVID-19 certificate is not yet ready for this use

21.06.2021: added that Swedish and Danish COVID-19 certificates are approved documentation of vaccination and having COVID-19, Minor language changes.

17.06.2021: Updated documentation requirements according to COVID-19 regulations appendix D

11.06.2021: From 11.6, fully vaccinated and people who have had covid-19 in the last 6 months will not be in quarantine. Updated information on exemptions from quarantine according to this.

07.06.2021: From 4.6, those who are protected against COVID-19 and children under the age of 12 can shorten the quarantine after a negative test after 3 days.

03.06.2021: Added advice to those who are protected in private homes, added changes in who needs to quarantine hotels, Some minor adjustments to language.

18.05.2021: Corrected sentence about quarantine hotels : This also applies to residents in Norway.

13.05.2021: Added to the EEA and Schengen area or the United Kingdom, cf. Amendments to the COVID-19 regulation from 13.5.

12.05.2021: Added that people who have been outside the EEA and Schengen area for the last 10 days cannot use public transport to the quarantine hotel, cf. the changes in section 5 of the covid-19 regulations which came into force on 9.5.21.

04.05.2021: Clarification about vaccinated people and infection quarantine

04.05.2021: Updated according to regulatory change; easing of quarantine for vaccinated (fully vaccinated are exempt and those who have only had one dose can be exempt provided they are tested.

30.04.2021: Added that everyone in the entry quarantine must be tested 7 days after arrival and that arrivals from some countries can not use public transport from the place of arrival to the quarantine hotel, cf. regulatory change

30.03.2021: Waiting quarantine is now in the regulations

25.03.2021: New version of How much social distancing poster.

05.03.2021: Updated illustration: How much to social distance. If you go for a walk, maintain a distance of at least 2 meters from others.

23.02.2021: Requirement for test day 7 if you do not stay in a quarantine hotel. Change in the use of quarantine hotels and exemptions to quarantine.

09.02.2021: Updated link to the english version of the quarantine check.

04.02.2021: Added text about help for people without legal residence.

29.01.2021: Updated to reflect changes to the COVID-19 Regulation section 4c, shortened quarantine by PCR-testing.

28.01.2021: Text changed according to changes in the covid-19 regulation §4c.

26.01.2021: Updated text throughout the entire chapter.

06.01.2021: Clarified that Student Association housing is probably not suitable as a place of quarantine.

02.01.2021: Updated with information about mandatory testing from 2nd January, and consequences for quarantine. 

31.12.2020: Added a paragraph that people who come to Norway from abroad can go out of quarantine after day seven at the earliest if they test negative for COVID-19 twice after arrival. And that everyone who comes from UK must be in quarantine for 10 days.

28.12.2020: Added "The Government is introducing new quarantine rules that will contribute to more travellers being tested, and strengthen compliance with the quarantine rules. This applies from 29 December at 08.00

23.12.2020: Under the section "Advice for people in quarantine": the sentence "From 21 December, people who have been in the UK for the last two weeks are required to be tested on arrival and after 7 days. In the event of a positive test, their close contacts should be tested immediately. If whole genome sequencing shows that the index has a new variant of SARS-CoV2, the close contacts should be retested on day 7. " Added sections about quarantine hotels and infection control advice for places of quarantine where many people live together.

18.12.2020: Updated house picture - sentence about getting help for errands and use face mask, added pictograms

15.12.2020: Emphasised that home isolation means total distance from others if possible.

10.12.2020: Added link to cleaning article

01.12.2020: Content about social distance moved to a separate article. Restructured remaining content.

14.11.2020: Changed sentence in section about isolation: Children under 2 years of age should not use face masks under any circumstance.

11.11.2020: Added sentence about anyone who has been exposed to infection shall be tested. Removed point about being in quarantine in someone's home, according to updates about quarantine hotel.

06.11.2020: Added section about recommendations from government 05.11. Added section about adapted accommodation

04.11.2020: Updated sentence about definition of closest circle

02.11.2020: "Probable COVID-19" cases required to be in isolation in line with changes in the COVID-19 regulations, and household members are recommended to be in quarantine pending test results. "Suitable place for quarantine" has been revised, and it is recommended to keep your distance from other adults in the household. It is recommended that all close contacts be tested. Updated figure.

28.10.2020: Article is updated with link to news article about changes in exemptions from quarantine duty § 6 c for foreign employees that apply from 31 October (announced at press conference on 26 Oct). In paragraph about isolation, changed advice about distance to those you live with from one to two metres.

05.10.2020: Added sentence about using face masks during isolation.

25.09.2020: Updates to section about public transport.

22.09.2020: clarified sentence - even though they still have a few symptoms after the respiratory tract infection. Added "For example, this may apply if you are travelling to a country that requires a test, shall visit an institution that requires a test or are taking part in research projects." 

19.09.2020: Removed sentence about not being allowed to travel abroad.

15.09.2020: Added changes about exemptions from COVID-19 regulations according to changes in COVID-19 regulations

14.09.2020: Removed comment from 13.8.2020 that there is no longer a distinction between close contacts and other contacts. Changed paragraph about entry quarantine. 

04.09.2020: Added: "With a negative test you can return to work/ school when you are in good general condition (you feel well and have no fever), even though you still may have symptoms of respiratory tract infection."

31.08.2020: Added section about waiting for test results.

28.08.2020: Changed bullet point under advice for everyone that you should stay at home until you have a negative test result and your general condition is good.

24.08.2020: Changed sentence in isolation section "Your doctor will assess how long you need to be isolated. You need to be isolated for at least 8 days after you become ill."

21.08.2020 Added sentence "Isolation ends also in the cases where other people in the household are in isolation or quarantine"

18.08.2020 Added updated figure for "how much social distance?"

13.08.2020 Changed text because there is no longer a distinction between household members and other close contacts. Figure will be replaced as soon as possible.

10.08.2020 Added sentence about use of face masks on journey home in section about Quarantine upon arrival in Norway.

31.07.2020: In the section on entry quarantine: Information on travel to the final place of residence was added.

23.07.2020 The section on suitable places for quarantine has been edited with a sentence stating that quarantine can also be carried out in other people's homes.

21.07.2020 Added a new bullet point about place of quarantine where it is specified that a suitable residence for quarantine means that you do not share toilet/kitchen facilities and other common areas with others than your close contacts. 

08.07.2020 Updated "How much social distance?" figure

04.07.2020: Updated bullet points. Under "For everyone" removed "A negative test does not shorten the time in quarantine or follow up." Under "for other close contacts" added "You should be tested twice, preferably on day 3 and 7 after exposure" and "You must be in quarantine in your leisure time until the second test is negative" and "You should inform your employer so the advice for infection control measures can be followed"

24.06.2020: Changed last two bullet points under "advice for everyone" about staying home until you are symptom-free and that if you have symptoms, you should stay at home until there is a negative test result and you are symptom-free.

22.06.2020: Emphasised that 10 day quarantine also applies to people in quarantine after arrival in Norway. People in quarantine after arrival shall follow the same advice as household members and equivalent contacts. 

17.06.2020:

Added "If you are sitting next to someone there should be 1 metre from shoulder to shoulder" to the "Advice to everyone" section.

12.06.2020:
Added "From 15th June, it will no longer be a requirement for 10 days quarantine upon arrival in Norway after travel to regions in the Nordic countries with low incidence" under the paragraph about Quarantine upon arrival in Norway.

04.06.2020:
Added text about what "your closest circle" means and about keeping distance under section about "advice to all". 

03.06.2020:
Updated text as per Norwegian version, new advice and rules for different groups of close contacts. Figure will be updated as soon as possible.

29.05.2020:
Added links to Government website about impending changes to quarantine and travelling to Denmark.

08.05.2020:
Changed quarantine days from 14 to 10 days, according to decision from Norwegian government 07.05.2020. Changed recommended distance to at least one metre.

05.05.2020:

"As a rule, home quarantine shall last for 14 days after the last contact with a patient with confirmed COVID-19" shortened to "As a rule, home quarantine shall last for 14 days"

17.03.2020

Changed last point under isolation to "Isolation lasts until 3 days after you have recovered and at least 8 days after you became ill."