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Infection control advice for the population
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General infection control advice that applies to all
In case of respiratory tract symptoms
Everyone who is ill should stay at home and have a low threshold for being tested. This also applies to people who are vaccinated and protected.
- What should you do with newly-arisen respiratory tract symptoms?
- Do you have newly arisen respiratory tract symptoms? (flow chart)
- Children in childcare or primary school with newly arisen respiratory tract symptoms (flowchart)
Distance and reduced contact between people
- Keep a distance from others, preferably one metre where possible. Avoid hugging and shaking hands.
- Adults are advised to consider reducing their number of close contacts
Hand hygiene and cough etiquette
- Avoid coughing or sneezing on other people. Use a paper tissue or crook of the elbow when coughing or sneezing. Dispose of the tissue and wash your hands afterwards. Have good hand hygiene and keep your hands clean. Use soap and water or alcohol-based hand sanitiser.
There is a national recommendation to use face masks on public transport, in taxis, in shops and in shopping centres where it is not possible to keep a distance, and also in other situations in public places where there are many people and it is difficult to keep a distance. There is also a national recommendation to use face masks in contact with the health and care service.
Local or regional orders may be issued for the use of face masks if the infection situation makes it necessary.
Everyone who is recommended to have the COVID-19 vaccine is encouraged to take it:
- The following people are recommended to test themselves:
Anyone with newly-arisen respiratory tract symptoms or other symptoms of COVID-19, regardless of vaccination status.
Advice about testing of close contacts and other special groups: Close contacts and infection quarantine
- If you test positive with a rapid antigen test, it is recommended to take a PCR test to confirm the test result.
When you have had a test, see:
Isolation in case of infection
- It is a requirement that people who have been confirmed infected with COVID-19 must isolate themselves. This also applies to people who are vaccinated.
If you are infected, or are a parent of someone who is infected, you are encouraged to notify other close contacts and encourage testing. See:
Everyone over 16 years is encouraged to download the Smittestopp app. If you are infected, and you have downloaded the app, it is important to remember to notify yourself as infected on the app.
Further information about which rules and advice apply if you are a close contact:
Separate advice and rules that apply in case of suspected infection with the omicron variant.
Advice for risk groups
Separate advice applies to people in risk groups. In the advice, we distinguish between groups with different degrees of risk, and between vaccinated and unvaccinated people. People at increased risk of a severe COVID-19 disease course should be extra careful protecting themselves against infection - particularly in areas with widespread transmission. They can reduce the risk of respiratory tract infections by avoiding crowds and keeping their distance. People over the age of 65 years are recommended to have a booster dose of COVID-19 vaccine to maintain their protection against a severe disease course.
Other infection control advice
Keeping a physical distance and having fewer contacts have been a main part of the advice throughout the pandemic. Keeping a distance from others where possible can prevent transmission of respiratory tract infections. Nationally, the recommendation to keep a distance from others now applies where possible, preferably one metre.
The previous advice about distance and fewer contacts can be found here:
- Social distance and physical contact (archived article)
The risk of transmission is lower outdoors than indoors. In general in this phase, it is also recommended to ensure good ventilation. In private homes, it is recommended to air rooms regularly or between the use by different groups.