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What can vaccinated people do now?

Published

We have increasingly reliable knowledge that coronavirus vaccines give good protection against becoming ill and from infecting others. We can use that knowledge to ease measures where possible. Some advice and rules have been clarified.

We have increasingly reliable knowledge that coronavirus vaccines give good protection against becoming ill and from infecting others. We can use that knowledge to ease measures where possible. Some advice and rules have been clarified.


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Two doses are necessary for complete protection, but already three weeks after the first dose you will have good protection. The protection after full vaccination lasts for at least half a year, probably much longer. Those who have undergone COVID-19 in the last six months are similarly well protected as those who have been fully vaccinated.

Although there is good protection, it is still possible to be infected with COVID-19 even though you have been vaccinated. It is also possible for vaccinated people to infect others. This applies even if you do not realise that you are infected.

In society

Out among other people, it is impossible to know whether there are unvaccinated people in risk groups nearby. As long as there are many unprotected people in society, and since vaccinated people could be infected and infect others, advice and rules must be the same for the vaccinated as for the unvaccinated in public. Where many people gather, there is also a need for simple and clear advice and rules. In addition, if vaccinated people do not follow the advice on numbers and distance while they are out among people, it can also lead to crowding for those who have not been vaccinated. As an increasing proportion of the population is vaccinated, number restrictions and other general infection control measures in society will be eased for all.

In the home

However, at home with people who you know more about, it is now possible to ease the measures for vaccinated people.

Advice that applies to fully vaccinated people

Out among people (in public, including public transport)

  • Unchanged advice and rules about distance, number, hygiene advice, face masks, etc.

At home and in your own car (in private)

  • Vaccinated people may have close social contact (less than 1 metre) with other vaccinated people (even if they are in a risk group).
  • Vaccinated people may have close social contact with unvaccinated people who are not in a risk group.

Vaccinated people should still keep a good distance (at least 1 metre) from unvaccinated people in a risk group that they do not live with.