About the speaker
Rannveig Kaldager Hart is researcher at the Department for Health and Inequality at the Norwegian Institute of Public Health. She works on topics on families, health and inequality and is interested in causal identification and policy evaluation.
About the presentation
Long paternity leaves have the potential to leave lasting effects on parental unions, potentially reducing specialization and increasing union stability. We put these hypotheses to a causal test, using an extension of the Norwegian parental leave father's quota from 6 to 10 weeks as a source of exogenous variation in fathers' leave uptake. We implement a Regression Discontinuity design, using full population data from Norwegian administrative registers of parents of children in a four-month window around the reform (N = 9 516). The reform significantly increased the amount of leave taken by fathers by about three weeks and reduced the amount of leave taken by mothers by about four weeks. Neither union stability nor his or her earnings were affected by the reform. The null finding suggests that extended paternity quotas do not equalize or stabilize unions –nor do they intensify fatherhood wage penalties.
The paper is joint work with Synøve Andersen and Nina Drange from Statistics Norway, Research Department.