Drugs and addiction The Norwegian Institute of Public Health performs analysis of narcotics and medicines in biological samples and research into their effects and addiction mechanisms. Les på norsk: Rusmidler, doping og avhengighet News and research findings Research findings Published 08.11.2016 Cannabis abuse possible cause of psychosis The risk of developing psychosis is more than tripled for those who abuse cannabis, according to results from a new twin study. Research findings Updated 18.04.2016 Immunotherapy inhibits heroin effects in research animals Immunotherapy could have a place in the treatment of substance abuse in the future. Show more From the Public Health Report Public Health Report Published 06.08.2019 Substance use disorders in Norway Prevalence and development of alcohol dependency and other substance use disorders in Norway, as well as risk factors and consequences. Public Health Report Updated 24.05.2019 Alcohol and other psychoactive substances On average, Norwegians consume almost 7 litres of pure alcohol per year, with men drinking twice as much as women. Cannabis is the most used illicit drug in Norway. Public Health Report Published 08.08.2016 Intoxicants and substance use in Norway - summary Show more Reports Systematic review Published 11.10.2019 Buprenorphine versus methadone for pregnant women in opioid maintenance treatment We have summarized existing research on the effects of buprenorphine compared with methadone on women who have been in OMT throughout or in parts of their pregnancies. Systematic review Published 30.11.2018 Tapering from buprenorphine or methadone for pregnant women in opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) We have summarised the evidence on effects for mother and child of tapering compared with continued maintenance treatment during pregnancy. Systematic review Updated 08.03.2017 Alternative opioid agonists in the treatment of opioid dependence: a systematic review In this review, we have looked at treatment with slow release oral morphine and levomethadone. These treatments are compared to the three medications used in Norway. Systematic review Published 02.03.2017 Effectiveness of tapering from methadone or buprenorphine maintenance treatment compared to traditional maintenance treatment for people with opiate addiction: systematic review Helsedirektoratet bestilte en systematisk oversikt om effekten av nedtrapping (tapering) av metadon eller buprenorfin sammenlignet med LAR uten nedtrapping for pasienter med opioidavhengighet. Systematic review Published 23.12.2016 The effects of concurrent prescription of benzodiazepines for people undergoing opioid maintenance treatment This systematic review summarised the effects of concurrent prescription of benzodiazepines among people who receive opioid maintenance treatment. Systematic review Published 14.12.2016 Unsupervised intake of medicines for individuals in opioid maintenance This systematic review compares effect of unobserved with observed administration of opioid agonist drug for people receiving opioid maintenance treatment. Systematic review Published 14.12.2016 Use of biological samples in rehabilitation of persons receiving opioid maintenance treatment: This systematic review summarises the effects of using biological samples in the rehabilitation of persons that receives opioid maintenance treatment. Mapping review Published 16.11.2016 Research on the effect of substance use interventions for youth with drug use disorders, or co-occurring drug use disorder and mental problem/ mental illness A librarian carried out the literature search in 13 social and medical scientific databases from 2000 to September 2016. Statistics Published 03.06.2016 Drug Situation in Norway 2010 Annual report to EMCDDA Show more Projects Project Published 25.03.2019 A Scandinavian cohort of pregnant women in opioid maintenance treatment during pregnancy: long term consequences for the child (ScopeOMT) Project Updated 25.03.2019 Buprenorphine versus methadone for pregnant women in opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) We will systematically summarise research on short- and long-term effects for mother, foetus and child of buprenorphine- versus methadone-based maintenance treatment during pregnancy. Project Published 01.06.2018 Tapering for pregnant women in opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) Norwegian Institute of Public Health has been commissioned by the Norwegian Directorate of Health to carry out a systematic review of effects of methadone or buprenorphine tapering during pregnancy. Project Updated 18.12.2018 Pathways from Normal and Disordered Personality to Substance Use Disorders The project will study the relationship between normal personality, personality disorders and symptoms of substance use in a population-based twin study. Project Updated 30.11.2018 Substance use among music festival attendees i Norway This was a cross-sectional study from six music festivals in Norway, July-August 2016. Project Updated 05.12.2018 Penal Prevention: Exploring alternative penal sanctions for young drug law offenders This project is a social scientific study of penal sanctions that aim to rehabilitate, educate and reintegrate young drug-law offenders. Project Updated 09.09.2019 Inpatients’ experiences with interdisciplinary treatment for substance dependence: measurement, application and use of data The project will test the psychometric properties of the questionnaire used in the surveys of inpatients in interdisciplinary treatment for substance dependence. Project Updated 26.11.2018 Drugs and the Internet: exploring online drug related communities The overall goal with this PhD-project is to explore how new ways of computer-mediated communication possibly affects drug users and the associated culture. Project Updated 19.12.2018 Substance use in the nightlife setting This study aims to investigate recreational drug use and user characteristics among people visiting licensed premises by using self-reports and biological markers. Show more Related topics: Theme Alcohol Alcohol can affect mental and physical health, family life and other social relations. High levels of consumption lead to intoxication, with increased risk of injury and accidents. Theme Smoking and tobacco Nicotine is an addictive substance found in cigarettes, snus and e-cigarettes. Cigarette smoke contains many harmful substances.