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2014 - Life expectancy in Norway - summary

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Denne versjonen av kapitlet ble publisert i Folkehelserapporten 2014. Kapitlet ble arkivert november 2016 i forbindelse med publisering av ny versjon.


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Life expectancy and burden of disease

In 2013, life expectancy in Norway was 83.6 years for women and 79.9 years for men. In the 1950s, Norway had the highest life expectancy in the world. By 2009, Norwegian women were in 12th place, 3.4 years behind Japanese women, while Norwegian men were in 9th place, 1.1 years behind Australian men.

The global burden of disease project (GBD) shows that two out of three lost years of life in Norway are due to cancer or cardiovascular disorders. Heart disease, stroke, lung cancer, colon cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are the five main causes of lost life years. Known risk factors for these diseases include an unhealthy diet, smoking, harmful alcohol consumption and a sedentary lifestyle.

The GBD also shows that mental disorders, pain disorders and femoral (thigh bone) fractures contribute to poor health. The five leading causes of years lived with poor health in Norway are lower back pain, severe depression, anxiety disorders, neck pain and falls with subsequent fractures.