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Health and Inequality

The department analyses and disseminates information about the health of the population and factors affecting population health, focusing especially on social and geographical differences.

The core tasks of the department

Social and geographical health differences: The department is responsible for mapping and analysing the broader trends of population health at a national level, focusing especially on differences across social groups and geography. This involves analysing the correlation between the population’s health and socio-demographic characteristics such as education, income, profession and place of residence. Research and health analytics in these fields also include the underlying social and societal causal relationships that result in differences in health amongst the population.

Injuries and accidents: The department monitors trends on accidents and personal injuries in Norway and conducts epidemiological research into socio-economic and geographical differences in relation to the prevalence of injuries, the causes and consequences of accidents, and analyses of data quality in this field. The department works extensively with other institutions both in Norway and abroad.

Evaluation of interventions: In January 2016 the department began setting up a team tasked with evaluating public health interventions, primarily impact evaluations. Impact evaluations may be initiated by the department or in partnership with other institutions (e.g. municipalities, counties or directorates) and/or organisations (e.g. the voluntary sector). The department also provides advice on evaluations.

Burden of disease: Many of the department’s researchers are affiliated with the Centre for Burden of Disease. Burden of disease calculations show how different diseases, injuries and risk factors affect a population in the form of loss of health and mortality.

Health statistics dissemination: Data on population health and its determinants are presented in a variety of ways, tailored to different user groups:

  • Public health profilesThe department is responsible for producing public health profiles for all of Norway’s municipalities and county councils (and boroughs in the biggest cities). The public health profiles are brief reports containing key figures published in the first quarter of every year. Municipal and county councils use them to gain an overview of their citizens’ health and of factors that influence their health, cf. the Public Health Act.
  • Statistics databases: The Norhealth and Kommunehelsa databases allow tables, maps and diagrams to be created according to gender, year and age group.
  • Public Health Report: The Public Health Report describes the health status of the Norwegian population with the help of existing data and analyses from various national and international sources. Topics include mental and physical health, infectious and non-infectious diseases, social inequalities in health, well-being and health promoting factors, and known determinants such as diet, tobacco, physical activity, alcohol and other substances.

International reporting and participation in international working groups: The department is responsible for some international reporting and participates in various working groups to co-ordinate the gathering and publication of health statistics.

  • Expert Group on Health Information (EGHI): The Expert Group on Health Information (EGHI) is responsible for co-ordinating health indicators in Europe,.
  • Nordic Medico-Statistical Committee (NOMESCO): The Nordic Medico-Statistical Committee and the Nordic Social Statistical Committee are responsible for co-ordinating health and social statistics in the Nordic countries.
  • The WHO’s European health for all database (HFA-DB): The Department of Health and Inequality is responsible for reporting Norwegian data to the World Health Organisation’s online database.


Switchboard: +47 21 07 70 00

Department manager

Else Karin Grøholt

Fasttelefon: +47 21 07 81 82

Visiting address

Marcus Thranes gate 6

0473 Oslo

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Postal address

Norwegian Institute of Public Health, PO Box 222 Skøyen

N-0213 Oslo

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Photo of Else Karin Grøholt

Else Karin Grøholt

Tlf: +47 21 07 81 82

Ansatt bilde

Bente Øvrebø

Tlf: +47 21 07 83 01

Photo of Cathrine Solheim Kolve

Cathrine Solheim Kolve

Tlf: +47 53 20 49 92

M: +47 926 21 182

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Christian Madsen


Tlf: +47 21 07 80 60

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Elling Tufte Bere


Tlf: +47 21 07 67 19

M: +47 980 17 067

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Eyvind Ohm


Tlf: +47 21 07 83 30

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Heidi Lyshol

Senior advisor

Tlf: +47 21 07 81 53

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Ingunn Holden Bergh

Post doc

Tlf: +47 21 07 88 31

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Jørgen Rajan Meisfjord

Senior Adviser

Tlf: +47 21 07 81 10

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Kåre Bævre

Tlf: +47 21 07 81 51

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Kari Alver


Tlf: +47 21 07 81 65

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Liv Grøtvedt


Tlf: +47 21 07 81 49

M: +47 920 97 204

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Marie Helen Hagle

Senior Adviser

Tlf: +47 21 07 83 62

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Miriam Evensen

Tlf: +47 21 07 83 81

M: +47 993 04 037

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Nora Rusås-Heyerdahl

Senior Adviser

Tlf: +47 21 07 81 03

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Pernille Karlsen

Tlf: +47 21 07 88 15

Photo of Rannveig Kaldager Hart

Rannveig Kaldager Hart


Tlf: +47 21 07 64 97

M: +47 481 55 431

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Søren Toksvig Klitkou

Tlf: +47 21 07 81 78

M: +47 404 51 138

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Steinar Bjørnæs

Tlf: +47 21 07 81 43

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Yusman Bin Kamaleri

Tlf: +47 53 20 40 71