Background: Migration from developing countries over the past few decades has led to a larger extent of ethnic and cultural diversity in many West European countries. This may lead to different patterns of drug-use, and studies are needed to increase the knowledge about if and how ethnicity affects drug use. Objectives: The objective of this study was to compare the use of prescribed analgesics in Norway between young adults with parents from Muslim countries, compared to young adults with ethnic Norwegian parents.
Objective: The aims of the study were to examine the use of psychotropic drugs among 15-16 years olds and to study the association between such use of drugs and of health-related variables, lifestyle, and sociodemographic factors. Material and methods: The youth part of the Oslo Health Study 2000-2001 included all individuals in 10th grade specified on the class list for each school in Oslo County in the years 2000 and 2001. A total of 3612 boys and 3695 girls participated, yielding a participation rate of 86.1% for boys and 90.6 % for girls. All the students filled in two questionnaires during two school-hours. The self-administered questionnaires included questions on various health behaviours including use of medicines in the course of the last four weeks. Persons who answered that they used hypnotics, anxiolytics, and/or antidepressants daily or every week last month was defined as users. In the data analysis we used both bivariate and multivariate techniques. Results: Seventy (2.0%) boys versus 51 (1.4%) girls had used at least one of the drugs daily or every week the last four weeks. The proportion of drug users was not significantly different between males and females. However, among the daily users of hypnotics there was a significant higher proportion of users among boys versus girls, 0.8% and 0.2% respectively (p<0.001). The users of hypnotics, anxiolytics, and antidepressants were more likely than non-users to report poor health and mental disorders. The group who used psychotropic drugs had a higher proportion of subjects, who reported head and neck/shoulder pain and also a higher proportion who reported use of health service-psychologist or psychiatrist than nonusers. Drug users were more likely than nonusers to be smokers, and among males the drug users were also significantly more likely to be alcohol consumers. Adolescents exposed to violence and adolescents with sexual intercourse experience are over-represented among drug users both for females and males. Gender differences in significant predictors were observed in the multivariate logistic regression: Self reported mental disorders, HSCL-10, sexual intercourse experience and lower education plans were significant predictors for male users of hypnotics, anxiolytics, and antidepressants. Poor self reported health, use of psychologist or psychiatrist and smoking were significant predictors for female users. Conclusion: Gender differences were observed in the predictors for use of hypnotics, anxiolytics, and antidepressants among 15-16 years olds in Oslo.
Trine Fevik,Anne Marthe Ringerud,Ragnhild Jergan,Kari Furu,
(1999). Apoteket - handel eller helse?. Norsk Farmaceutisk Tidsskrift. ISSN 0029-1935. 107(5),s 20-22