221 new cases of HIV were diagnosed in Norway in 2015, a decline from 249 cases in 2014. The main decline is among men who have sex with men (MSM), according to a new report from the Norwegian Institute of Public Health. There is little change in the HIV situation among the other groups compared with 2014.
In Norway, the number of notified gonorrhoea cases are now the highest for 25 years. Reported cases of syphilis declined slightly but are still high compared to a few years ago, according to 2015 figures released by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health.
More and more children in Norway are being vaccinated and now the vast majority of children and adolescents have taken the vaccines recommended in the Childhood Immunisation Programme. This comes from the national vaccination coverage statistics for 2015.
Drug sales measured in defined daily doses (DDD) increased by 2 per cent from 2014 to 2015. Revenue growth was 8.6 per cent. This is shown in "Drug Consumption in Norway 2011-2015", a report issued by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health.
A large waist-hip ratio is a more important risk factor for heart attacks than weight, especially for younger to middle-aged women. This is shown in a new study from the Norwegian Institute of Public Health and the University of Bergen.
To date, 30 countries have ongoing outbreaks or an increasing incidence of Zika virus infection. Blood samples from 222 individuals have been tested at the Norwegian Institute of Public Health. Two of these show an active infection, and about 10 individuals have recovered from an earlier Zika virus infection.
On April 5th 2016, new legislation was approved to establish the Palestinian National Institute of Public Health (PNIPH). This is an important milestone in the collaboration between the Norwegian Institute of Public Health and the Palestinian government.
Having a twin with cancer is associated with a higher risk of the co-twin developing cancer, although not necessarily of the same type, according to results from a large study from the Norwegian Twin Registry and three other Nordic twin registries.
2016 research finding
Genes play a crucial role over time although environmental factors matter most in the short term, according to a major study into social anxiety and avoidant personality disorders from the Norwegian Institute of Public Health.
From 1st January 2016, the Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services, the Norwegian Institute for Alcohol and Drug Research (SIRUS) and the secretariat of the Norwegian Scientific Committee for Food Safety (VKM) will be incorporated into the Norwegian Institute of Public Health.