Research into tuberculosis (TB), bacterial meningitis, hepatitis and influenza and the disease burden in Ethiopia, Sudan and South Sudan were the focus of a rewarding three-day seminar held in Addis Abeba in December 2013.
Several studies have looked at possible links between maternal obesity during pregnancy and the risk of developmental disorders in the child. However, paternal obesity could be a greater risk factor than maternal obesity, according to a new study from the Norwegian Institute of Public Health.
The focus for World Tuberculosis (TB) Day 2014 is multi-drug resistant tuberculosis, also called MDR TB. In the WHO European Region, only one in three MDR TB cases will be successfully treated.
In 2013, there were 233 newly diagnosed HIV cases in Norway, compared to 242 in 2012. The decline is mainly seen among heterosexuals. Among men who have sex with men (MSM), the HIV figures remain high. Increased HIV testing, condom use and more HIV-infected people on treatment are the most important preventive measures.
The increase in sales of agents to treat sea lice infestations continued in 2013. However, sales of antibacterials showed a reduction compared to the previous year. Sales of anthelmintics showed a slight increase compared to 2012. These figures come from the Norwegian Institute of Public Health.
The population is ageing. Data of notifiable infectious diseases among those aged 65 years and older have been analysed by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health. The results show that invasive pneumococcal disease was the most common infectious disease, followed by whooping cough (pertussis) and campylobacteriosis.
Suicide among young men is a major public health concern in many countries, despite great efforts to find effective prevention strategies. By interviewing close relatives and friends of apparently well-functioning young men who unexpectedly took their own life, Norwegian researchers found there had been no signs of serious mental disorder. This contradicts previous research which suggests that depression or other mental illness is an important risk factor in suicide.
Drinking water with a relatively high concentration of magnesium protects against hip fractures, according to results of a study from the Norwegian Institute of Public Health.
A delegation from Malawi recently attended a workshop organized by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health (NIPH) and the International Association of National Public Health Institutes (IANPHI).